From the Amazons to the Heroes

In the following, please refer to:

In Revolt Against the Modern World, Julius Evola expanded on the ages of these three races. The Amazonian period was a reaction against the male revolt. It represents the lunar principle that tried to restore the Demetrian race as it was being defeated by the Solar principle. We see the same mythological motifs return in our own day with the appearance of strong female warriors in virtually all action movies of recent years. All traces of vestigial patriarchy are being attacked to facilitate the return of the dominance of the Demetrian civilization.

Parallel with this movement, there is also the Aphroditic principle. The chthonic nature tries to reduce the masculine principle to the phallic. Men thus become enslaved to sensualism. Manifestations of this would include the addiction to pornography as well as the “hookup” culture. In the phallic, or genital, stage, sexuality is centered on the genitals and finds its fulfilment in intercourse. Yet, there is a further degeneration as predicted by Herbert Marcuse in Eros and Civilization: with the decline and overthrowing of patriarchy, people would become polymophous perverse, that is, they would find sexual gratification beyond the socially normative behaviors permitted by the patriarchy.

Thus, both through force and seduction, the hold of patriarchy is weakened.

The Heroic age represents the attempt to recover the primordial solar state by force. The Heroes retain the inner impulse toward transcendence and overcome the Amazonian and Aphroditic forces. He sublimates the phallic, erotic drive raising it to the “spiritual plane of virility”.

Esoteric Astrology

Evola makes a brief allusion to the esoteric science of astrology. In its degenerate form today, astrology has become merely materialistic and quantitative. Instead traditional astrology was spiritual and qualitative, as he explains:

The planets naturally are not the physical planets, but are designations used to define spiritual, super-individual forces, of which the physical planets are at most symbolic, sensible manifestations.

In other words, esoteric astrology represents our “essence”, who we are, what we are born with, something that in some way we ourselves have chosen or accepted. Pop astrology, on the other hand, is something that “happens” to us, from the outside, beyond our control, through merely material forces.

If you sense some truth in this, even if beyond the possibility of clear articulation, then you have the possibility to understand these ideas. We have been using the term “preconception” to describe this inner essence of who you are.

Manifestations of the Races of the Spirit

In the Sintesi, Evola brings up the idea of the relationship between the third level of race and the second and first. Obviously, the first place to start is with the civilizations that have been dominated by the various spiritual races. Here, Evola refers back to the collection of J J Bachofen’s writings that he translated under the title of La Razza Solare. I haven’t been able to track down any copies of that work. However, I recently discovered that it has been republished, sort of, as Le Madri e la Virilità Olimpica: Storia segreta dell’antico mondo mediterraneo; the other work apparently was never actually published.

That is why, in the German edition, Evola adds a paragraph making his ideas explicit since, obviously, German readers would have had no access to La Razza Solare. Here is the German paragraph as is followed by an English translation.

Was die Entsprechung anbetrifft, die sich normalerweise zwischen Rassen des Geistes, der Seele und des Körpers verwirklichen soll, können also vorläufig diese Anspielungen genügen: die sonnenhaften und heroischen Rassen sind artverbunden dem Stil der Rasse des Leistungsmenschen und – als physische Rasse – dem nordisch-arischen, arisch-römischen und arisch-abendländischen Menschen. Die lunare Rasse fände den gemäßesten Ausdruck in den seelischen und somatischen Merkmalen der ostischen Rassen und den Überbleibseln jener uralten mittelmeerischen Rasse, die allgemein „pelasgisch“ genannt werden kann. Die aphroditische und dionysische Rasse könnte gut zu einigen Zweigen der westischen Rasse, insbesondere – wie gesagt – in ihren keltischen Formen passen. Die dionysische aber auch zur wüstenländischen und ostisch-baltischen Rasse und, ihren gespalteneren Aspekten nach, zur vorderasiatischen. Ein titanisches Element könnte sich wohl in der Seele und im Körper des Menschen fälischer Rasse ausdrücken, schließlich würde das tellurische Element physische Rassenkomponenten erfordern, die aus nichtarischen oder vorarischen Stämmen hervorgehen, wie es beispielsweise bei den afrikanisch-mittelmeerischen und teilweise bei den im semitischen Typ vorhandenen Rassen der Fall ist. Es liegt also ein neues und weit gespanntes Forschungsfeld vor uns, für welches es hauptsächlich gilt, das ihm zustehende Interesse in den neuen Generationen zu wecken. Dann wird das schon Errungene entsprechend entwickelt werden bis zu einem wirklich umfassenden Rassenbewußtsein.


H/T to marcelkol for the following English translation:

In regard to the correlation that should manifest itself between the races of the body, the soul and the spirit the following remarks should suffice for now: the solar and heroic races are intimately connected with the nature of the man of achievement and – as physical race – with the Nordic-Aryan, Roman-Aryan and Occidental-Aryan human. The lunar race expresses itself in its most complete form in the soul and the body of the Eastern European races and the remnants of the old Mediterranean race which could generally be described as ‘Pelasgian’. The Dionysian and Aphroditic races could correspond to some branches of the Western race, especially – as already mentioned – in its Celtic forms. The Dionysian race could also correspond to the desert race and the East Baltic race, and – due to its conflicted aspects – to the Near Eastern race. A Titanic element could express itself in the body and the soul of the Phalian race, since the Telluric race would require a physical racial component stemming from non-Aryan or pre-Aryan lines, as is the case with the African-Mediterranean and some of the races of the Semitic type for example. We’re looking at a new and very broad field of research and priority should be given to awakening the interest of the young generations so our present knowledge can be developed further towards a comprehensive racial consciousness.

3 thoughts on “From the Amazons to the Heroes

  1. To illustrate my previous comment, here is a quotation that is included in the last letter of the Meditations on the Tarot, treating the subject of art. We can see from the context that the author is aware of the multilayered meaning of the word even as it is not spelled out directly.

    “Schopenhauer once said that things appear to the child so bathed in splendour and of such a paradisical nature because they experience naively in each particular thing the idea of type (species). This splendour of inner reality is entirely lost for man who has attained to the maturity of rational thought, when he comes out of the ‘childlike state’ of animated and living perception and is given over to laws of pure abstraction. Thus, each time we are in the state of experiencing the idea in form, we are — like the child — within Nature. Goethe was such a child. (p. 114)” Edgar Dacqué, Leben als Symbol

  2. The spiritual races of Evola are different ways of relating to divine creation and its source – modes of being – that reveals something fundamental of the person. It affects ones “preconceptions”, of which some may be acquired but the true are innate and natural. The Spirit descends vertically, and the spiritual race describe how strong this influence is compared to the horizontal influence, and in which manner and degree it is known or felt by an individual. In the realm of spirit, beings are differentiated and unique, making the concept of spiritual race somewhat lacking as “race” may give the impression of something contingent. It rather seems to be used, in the “third degree”, to represent the manner in which existence itself is conceived, which is dependent on how we actually came into existence. It could be quite difficult for people with qualitatively different experiences in this area to understand another, transcendent, viewpoint. In short, what people believe regarding their own “genesis” expresses something of their inner nature. In a time like ours, the circumstances constitutes a “trial” and test of strength for anyone wishing to escape consensus reality. In another time, these sorts of challenges did not occur “naturally” in the same way, so there are advantages of living at this moment. The concrete state of the world has increasingly come to provide an outer resistance that could provide opportunities of spiritual growth for those with a heroic approach to life. Strangely enough, some who think of themselves as defenders of traditional values seem to be of the opinion that the only option is to passively await better times.

    Evola mentioned that language is an area of investigation for the third degree of race, and I would like to draw attention to a perhaps insignificant detail that has occupied me. In Germanic languages “art” means “mode” “type” “manner” “species” or something of that nature, basically a unique way of being. In English on the other hand, art is a skill or the result of a creative work, and i think that we would come closer to the underlying idea by combining these aspects. The word is used in the German text presented here as “artverbunden” and translated as “intimately connected”. It is a matter of conforming to form, being freely “bound” to ones essence. We should also know that due to the free will of man, this amounts to a creative activity – we have to will ourselves. Man realizes himself, in a sense, by “creating himself” in union with the will of God. It is conveyed in the passage that a distinguishing mark of the solar and heroic races is as “man of achievement” – that is, a type that seeks to achieve himself to become accomplished. Compare the idea of the “solar race” with Aguéli’s claim of the Artist being someone who experiences a “personal sun” as an inner light to give expression to. This work amounts to actualizing ones potential, by which this light creatively comes to be known through a unique mode or art of being conforming to ones essence. Thus the heroic and solar man regards living itself as an art form to perfect during our brief time here.

  3. The nomenclature of German 20th physical anthropology isn’t very elaborate and doesn’t translate to English very well, so the racial types described in this paragraph have to be understood as very general categories. Evola also draws on the racial classification developed by Ludwig F. Clauss which is concerned with the ‘style’, or nature, of the various physical races. This roughly corresponds to the second level of racial classsification – the race of the soul – in Evola’s system. Clauss coined the term ‘Leistungsmensch’, ‘man of achievement’, for a type who feels an irresistable pull towards the infinite, which he thought would correspond to the Nordic race of the body.

    My translation (feel free to correct):

    As regards to the correlation that should manifest itself between the races of the body, the soul and the spirit the following remarks should suffice for now: the solar and heroic races are intimately connected with the nature of the man of achievement and – as physical race – with the Nordic-Aryan, Roman-Aryan and Occidental-Aryan human. The lunar race expresses itself in its most complete form in the soul and the body of the Eastern European races and the remnants of the old Mediterranean race which could generally be described as ‘pelasgian’. The Dionysian and Aphrodisian races could correspond to some branches of the Western race, especially – as already mentioned – in its Celtic forms. The Dionysian race could also correspond to the desert race and the Eastern-Baltic race, and – due to its conflicted aspects – to the West Asian race. A Titanic element could express itself in the body and the soul of the Falian race, since the Telluric race would require a physical racial component stemming from non-Aryan or pre-Aryan lines, as is the case with the African-Mediterranean and some of the races of the Semitic type for example. We’re looking at a new and very broad field of research and priority should be given to awakening the interest of the young generations so our present knowledge can be developed further towards a comprehensive racial consciousness.

    Of interest perhaps: the Falian type was often idealized in National-Socialist propaganda as the embodification of the original German race, which was purported to exist in its highest purity in the peasants and the rural population. The fact that Evola identifies in this race the Telluric-Titanic element in Europe shows the contrast between his thought and political reality at the time.

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