In formulating a theory of the origin of the race of the soul, Julius Evola points out that “soul” (or psyche) does not mean “subjective activities” in the mind as contemporary psychology understands it. Rather, it is a distinct entity, which he relates to the traditional teachings of the “subtle body”. In other words, it is not reducible to material, physical, or biological factors. Hence, scientific methods cannot be applied to understand the race of the soul.
At its origins, the soul and the body may have been in harmony, but that is seldom the case today. Hence, there are really two levels of heredity: the biological and the psychical. Moreover, psychical heredity is non-deterministic since the factor of elective affinity comes into play.
The full text is at Origins of the races of the soul.
A commenter on gornahoor.wordpress.com mentioned that this chapter seemed “arbitrary and even dangerous.” However, I believe this chapter is significant, at least in some aspects, if not in toto. For example, I believe it offers an explanation for the transmission of what is called “original sin”. In times past, the method of transmission was debated, e.g., whether it came through semen, etc. However, such biological and material explanations make no sense to anyone today. Were that true, there would be an “original sin” gene. Then, presumably, gene therapy could someday reverse the effects of original sin.
On the other hand, Joseph Ratzinger’s description of original sin as more like a psychological matrix that we are unavoidedly born into makes more sense to people today. It can be understood and even observed. Nevertheless, it is still weak since a means of transmission is never specified. The notion that there is a psychical heredity, therefore, answers the question of transmission. Moreover, psychical deformations even spill over onto the body, with ill effects. This is just a starting point for understanding that doctrine.
: The German translation has some interesting additions. In it, Evola refers to the “Nordic-Roman” race rather than the “Nordic” race.
He also quotes Alfred Rosenberg, with whom Evola otherwise had significant disagreements:
The body is the externality of the soul and the soul is the race seen from the inside.