The rule of many is not good; one ruler let there be.
~ Ulysses, in Homer’s The Iliad, and again by Aristotle at the end of Book XII the Metaphysics.
Much is made over the alleged Evolian reversal of the roles of the castes. This in part stems from his portrayal of the regal initiation being above the sacerdotal initiation, which arises from a misreading of some Hindu texts as Coomaraswamy pointed out. Evola also objected to the necessity for the Holy Roman Emperor to be consecrated by the Pope. However, the consecration is not the problem, but the idea of two rulers is. As Guenon points out the The Lord of the World, the idea of a single head is certainly traditional and the split in the Middle Ages was a deviation. Guenon writes:
By the Middle Ages, supreme power had already become divided between the Empire and the Papacy. Such a division marks an organisation that is incomplete at its head since the common principle, on which the two powers depend, is missing.
So with the intent of completely putting this issue to rest, we will bring out the full meaning of Guenon’s point, and with a minor tweak, this will bring Evola completely in line with Tradition on this point. In La Tradizione Romana Guido de Giorgio dedicated a section of the book to the “Constitution of a Traditional Society”. The first three chapters deal with the three twice-born castes and the fourth with the idea of the “Capo” — Head, Chief, Leader. Beginning with Ulysses’ statement, de Giorgio makes these points.
- A single Chief in time corresponds to the supreme unity in eternity.
- Since God is pure contemplation, so inversely the Chief will make of his life a pure activity dedicated to the preservation of His order in the world.
- The Chief holds temporal power and supreme authority whose dominion embraces all of active life.
- His work depends on the highest virtue: Justice.
- He the the Prince of the Warriors, but his power is exercised over everyone.
- Although he arises from the Warrior caste, he is above all the castes.
- He is consecrated by the first caste.
- He leads the second caste in the protection and preservation of Traditional order.
- He guards the “Temple” and protects the contemplatives so that spiritual truths are available to all.
- He is absolutely autonomous and the priests own him obedience, just as do the other castes.
- The priests must not interfere in temporal affairs.
To summarize: although the Chief is consecrated by the priests, his power is by Divine Right. He holds temporal power over all. His is a life of activity, since he is the means through which God’s will “Providence” is accomplished. In other words, by his dominion and action, he does not experience privation.